The pre- “Presidentialization” of Turkey is Nigh
The AKP seems to be working on multiple legislations aimed at tying all the loose ends of bureaucracy in the president’s favor. The authorities of ministers are regularly being downsized while governors are being rewired to work under the president’s chain of command.
Furthermore, we are witnessing more and more non-political self-governing institutions being either shut down or embedded to the president’s office.
Justice and Development Party (AKP) is restructuring Turkish bureaucracy in preparation for the new Presidential system that will come into effect in 2019. As part of this effort, 25 institutions and organizations that are currently under Prime Minister’s control will either be dissolved or re-organized under the new Presidency.
Here are some of the changes that are taking place:
-The Under secretariat for Public Order and Safety, established in 2011, which had played a crucial role in the Solution Process is under consideration to be shut down.
– Organizations such as Turkish Cooperation and Coordination Agency (TIKA), Presidency for Turks Abroad and Related Communities (YTB) are to be combined and placed under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
– Turkish Statistical Institute (TuskStat) and General Directorate of Civil Registration and Nationality (DVI) are to be conjoined.
– Numerous supreme boards that are no longer functioning, except those that were established as a result of international agreements are to be abolished. Currently a total of 43 boards are being considered for dissolvement.
– Under the new system, the ministers will not be appointed form within the Parliament which will change the status of the office completely. The ministries will have a significantly narrow field of authority and influence with a structure that wil fit the new Presidential system. AKP Vice Chair Hayati Yazici, has already issued a memorandum to the party’s current members of the parliament which said that the new bureaucratic mechanisms will be set up in such a way as to disallow any type of dissent and that this new structure will include the ministries.
– There will be radical changes for the Municipalities and Governors’ job description. There will be no bicameral municipal councils going forward.
– All Provincial Councils will be closed down and municipalities will assume their role and responsibility.
– Governors will act as President’s representatives. Central governorships will be rendered void. A bureaucrat removed from a governor’s office will no longer be an employee of the State unless s/he is reassigned.