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Various Political And Social Challenges Including Wars and Displacement in Empowering Women and Girls in Science

MORE FEMALE SCIENTIST IN THE WORLD WE WANT Prof. Dr. Nilüfer Narli, Chair of Department of Sociology Faculty of Economics, Administrative and Social Sciences, Bahçeşehir University, Istanbul, Turkey

Poor gender ratio in science and engineering has been a global concern, despite growing number of female scientists in the world [1]. Women’s empowerment in science is key to achieve human progress and dignity and directly related to accomplishing SDG 16: “Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels”. What are the challenges that hinder women and girls’ progress in science? Added to several challenges discussed below, wars and displaced population create obstacles for female education and women’s advancement in science and technology. There are some challenges that have prevailed for the last two decades (e.g. economic insecurity) and new challenges that are the results of the new forms wars, civil wars and extremism (e.g., large scale armed conflicts that involves state and non-state actors which have produced large numbers of displaced women in the Middle East who lost their jobs and isolated elsewhere, many young displaced females and refugees and who have no access to formal education and who face health risks in conflict and displacement settings, and new forms of gender discrimination produced by religious extremism).

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About The Author

Nilufer Narli

Nilüfer Narlı chairs the Department of Sociology and is a professor of political sociology at Bahçeşehir University. Narlı’s research and teaching interests include Islamist movements, political participation among Muslim women, irregular patterns of migration in the Balkans, the European Union’s harmonization reforms, the military and good governance in Turkey. She has undertaken several research projects on issues including the impact of computer teaching and learning, and a project called “Governance and the Military: Perspectives for Change in Turkey,” for the Centre for European Security Studies. She served as a conflict resolution trainer at seminars held by the Southeast Europe Leadership Initiatives for Women in the Balkans in 2000 and 2001. She was a member of the Turkish delegation to the 50th and 51st Sessions of the U.N. Commission on the Status of Women in 2009 and 2010. She is the author of several publications, including the 1991 book “Unveiling the Fundamentalist Woman: A Case Study of Malay Undergraduates.”

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