Migration has changed direction, and today, is both a ‘receiving’ and a ‘transit’ country. There are two factors that shape current human mobility toward . The recent political turmoil, civil wars, and clashes in the Middle East, the Balkans and the Caucasus regions have pushed migrants into the country with the hope of a better life, security and protection from persecution

’s geographical location, between the East and the West, and the North and the South, has made the country a transit zone for many migrants intending to reach western and northern countries. As shares borders with many of the countries in these regions and has cultural and ethnic ties with many of them, there are several channels of access into

has received migration from the Middle East, the former Soviet Union and the Balkans, and Africa. Some of them enter the country without legal documentation to seek shelter on a temporary basis and then move on to another country, while others arrive in with the aim of working for a short period of time. Those who choose as transit zone also work to survive

does not define itself as a country of , but the absence of effective controls has made the country vulnerable to various types of easy entries and stays. In response to becoming a de facto country of first asylum and to the mass influxes of people from the Middle East during and after the Gulf War, implemented a new regulation on asylum seekers, which became effective on Nov. 30, 1994

Read more: http://bianet.org/english/people/11645-migration-to-turkey-and-human-trafficking